Canadian Provinces & Territories

Canadian Provinces & Territories

Canada is the second largest country of the world, such a huge country that it could not have states. Canada is divided into three territories and ten provinces respectively. The only difference between a territory and a province has to do with their governance system.  There is a different local government system in each province.

Land Area covered by each province and territory in Canada:

Canada covers a total area of 3.85 million square miles respectively. 91% of area is covered by land, which includes the forests and tundra. Rest of 9% is of water, the rivers and lakes. Canadian border touches its three sides to the oceans: the Atlantic, the Arctic and the Pacific, and remaining side of the boarder is shared with the US.

Land Area covered by each province and territory in Canada:

The Canadian provinces listed below, on the basis of their land area covered:

Canadian provinceLand Area covered
Quebec1365128 sq. km  (15.4% of Canada)
Ontario925186 sq. km  (10.8% of Canada)
British Columbia917741 sq. km  (9.5% of Canada)
Alberta642317 sq. km  (6.6% of Canada)
Saskatchewan591670 sq. km  (6.5% of Canada)
Manitoba553556  (6.5% 0f Canada)
Newfoundland and Labrador373872  (4.1% of Canada)
New Brunswick71450 sq. km  (0.7% of Canada)
Nova Scotia53338 sq. km  (0.6% of Canada)
Prince Edward Island5660 sq. km   (0.1% of Canada)

Quebec is the largest province of Canada and it covers the area of 15-16% of the total land area, whereas Prince Edward Island is the smallest province which covers the area of 0.1% of the total land area of the country.

The three Territories of Canada listed below on the basis of their land area covered:

Canadian TerritoryLand Area Covered
Nunavut808185.17 sq. miles (21% of Canada)
The Northwest Territories519734.43 sq. miles (13.5% of Canada)
The Yukon186272.28 sq. miles (4.8% of Canada)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Canada:

Each Canadian province and territory has an increasing growth in economy which is based on the different sectors. No doubt that Canada is the most developed country of the world and also has the second largest GDP. Where each province is increasing in its economic value, the richest among all the territories as well as provinces is Ontario, and the lowest GDP is of Nunavut. Ontario is the second largest province of Canada and the richest among all the provinces. Ontario has its links to the parts of US. The natural resources present in Ontario helps the province in occupying the highest rank in GDP. The provinces of Canada and the territories, all are exploring into new and different sectors to diversify their own economies. Ontario basically trusts and depends on its manufacturing and their service industries. Ontario solely covers 52% of all the manufacturing shipments of Canada. Ontario is also developing in its technological industry and also investing heavily in the sect. Rank wise richest provinces and territories of Canada are listed below:

Ranked province & TerritoryGDP
Ontario763276  millions of CAD
Quebec380972  millions of CAD
Alberta326433  millions of CAD
British Columbia249981  millions of CAD
Saskatchewan79415  millions of CAD
Manitoba65882  millions of CAD
Nova Scotia40225  millions of CAD
New Brunswick33052 millions of CAD
Newfoundland & Labrador30100 millions of CAD
Prince Edward Island4257  millions of CAD
Northwest territories2828 millions of CAD
Yukon2710  millions of CAD
Nunavut2447  millions of CAD

Capital cities of Canada:

Each province and territory of Canada has their own capital cities. The ten provinces and three territories of Canada have thirteen total number of capital cities in Canada. The capitals of each province and territory are listed below:

capital cities of Canada
Province or TerritoryCapital city
British ColumbiaVictoria
New BrunswickFredericton
Newfoundland and LabradorSt. Johns
Northwest TerritoriesYellowknife
Nova ScotiaHalifax
Prince Edward IslandCharlottetown

Time zones of Canada:

Canada is very large country, so large that it covers six time zones. The difference between each time zone is approx of 40-60 minutes. The time zone abbreviations, names and time difference example is being enlisted in the below table:

time zone
UTC-8PSTPacific standard time09:50:42
UTC-7MSTMountain Standard time10:50:42
UTC-6CSTCentral Standard time11:50:42
UTC-5ESTEastern Standard time12:50:42
UTC-4ASTAtlantic Standard time13:50:42
UTC-3:30NSTNewfoundland Standard time14:20:42

Number of Cities & Towns in Canada:

As Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories, the Canadian provinces consist of few cities, villages, towns and municipalities within them. Number of cities and towns of each province is listed below in the table:

ProvincesNumber of townsNumber of cities
British Columbia1452
New Brunswick268
Newfoundland and Labrador2693
Nova Scotia268
Prince Edward Island102

The territories of Canada only have one city each, and those are the capitals of the territories respectively.  Where Northwest Territory has four towns, Yukon has seven but Nunavut has NA number of towns. All the territories, otherwise consists of municipalities.

Rivers of Canada: Canada is known for its large and beautiful rivers. There are longest rivers found in Canada. You can find 47 number of rivers passing all though the country. Those rivers pass through the different provinces and territories. Name of the rivers and their passage through the province or territory is being listed in the table below:

rivers in canada
Name of the RiverProvince & Territory passes through
Mackenzie riverNorthwest territories
Yukon riverBritish Columbia, Yukon
Saint Lawrence riverOntario, Quebec
Nelson riverManitoba
Slave riverAlberta, Northwest territories
Columbia riverBritish Columbia,
Saskatchewan riverAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba
Peace riverBritish Columbia, Alberta
Churchill river (Hudson bay)Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba
South Saskatchewan riverAlberta, Saskatchewan
Fraser riverBritish Columbia
North Saskatchewan riverAlberta, Saskatchewan
Ottawa riverQuebec, Ontario
Athabasca riverAlberta
Liard riverYukon, British Columbia, northwest territories
Assiniboine riverSaskatchewan, Manitoba
Milk riverAlberta
Albany riverOntario
Severn riverOntario
Back riverNorthwest territories, Nunavut
Thelon riverNorthwest territories, Nunavut
La Grande riverQuebec
Red riverManitoba
Koksoak riverQuebec
Churchikk river (Atlantic)Labrador
Coppermine riverNorthwest territories, Nunavut
Dubawnt riverNorthwest territories, Nunavut
Winnipeg riverOntario, Manitoba
Kootenay riverBritish Columbia
Rupert riverQuebec
Eastmain riverQuebec
Attawapiskat riverOntario
Kazan riverNunavut
Red deer riverAlberta
Great whale riverQuebec
Porcupine riverYukon
Pend d’Oreille riverBritish Columbia
Hay riverAlberta, Northwest territories
Saguenay riverQuebec
Anderson riverNorthwest territories
Peel riverNorthwest territories, Yukon
Saint john riverNew Brunswick
Stewart riverYukon
Horton riverNorthwest territories, Nunavut
English riverOntario
Pelly riverYukon

Highest Mountain points in Canada:

Canada is full of high mountains all over the country, the vast numbers of mountains are found in British Columbia, Alberta and Yukon Territory of Canada. Canada includes Rocky mountain, Laurentian Mountains and St. Elias Mountains. There are immense numbers of mountains in each province. Few highest peaks from each province are listed below in the table:

mountain of Canada
Highest mountain pointProvince or Territory
Mount LoganYukon
Mount FairweatherBritish Columbia
Mount ColumbiaAlberta
Barbeau PeakNunavut
Mount CaubvickNew foundland and Labrador
Baldy MountainManitoba
Mount CarletonNew Brunswick
Ishpatina RidgeOntario
Mount D’lbervilleQuebec

National Parks in Canada:

There are 48 national parks in Canada, and covers almost 3% of Canada’s land area. Out of the 48 national parks, 10 parks among them are the most attractive and popular. These parks are spread all over the country in different provinces and territories. The 10 famous and most visited parks of Canada are listed below:

national park in Canada
National parkProvince or Territory
Banff National ParkAlberta
Jasper National ParkAlberta
The Saguenay; St. Lawrence Marine ParkQuebec
Pacific Rim National ParkBritish Columbia
Glacier National ParkBritish Columbia
Yoho National ParkBritish Columbia
Prince Edward National ParkPrince Edward Island
Waterton Lakes National ParkAlberta
Kootenay National parkBritish Columbia
Elk IslandAlberta

There is more to be discussed about each province and territory of Canada. The beauty, specialty, the best food and universities present, so much to explore. Just wait for my next article and have a close look over each province and territory.

Don’t miss any article. Each article is designed by covering all the minor and noticeable information for you. Explore more and make yourself comfortable with the country. It will become easy to settle in Canada. Follow me and keep supporting.

Ms. Nikhat

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